Electrochemistry of riboflavin-binding protein and its interaction with riboflavin
Riboflavin-binding protein (RBP, a carrier of riboflavin) plays an essential role in embryo development. Electrochemical studies of the riboflavin-RBP interactions have been so far limited to changes in polarographic and voltammetric responses of riboflavin because of lack of methods capable to detect electrochemical changes in the RBP responses. Here we used constant current chronopotentiometric stripping analysis (CPSA) with the hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) with carbon paste electrode (CPE) to investigate RBP. We found that CPSA of RBP produces electrocatalytic peak H, capable to discriminate between apoprotein and holoprotein forms of RBR This peak is suitable for studies of RBP-riboflavin interaction at nanomolar concentrations. We observed no sign of a release of riboflavin from holoprotein adsorbed at the HMDE surface. SWV at CPE required higher concentrations of RBP and displayed almost identical oxidation peaks of apoprotein and holoprotein. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.