End-labeling of peptide nucleic acid with osmium complex. Voltammetry at carbon and mercury electrodes
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA), the DNA mimic with electrically neutral pseudopeptide backbone, is intensively used in biotechnologies and particularly in single-base mismatch detection in DNA hybridization sensors. We propose a simple method of covalent end-labeling of PNA with osmium tetroxide, 2,2'-bipyridine (Os,bipy). Os,bipy-modified PNA (PNA-Os,bipy) produces voltammetric stripping peaks at carbon and mercury electrodes. Peak potential (E-p) of one of the anodic peaks of PNA-Os,bipy at the pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE) differs from E-p of the reagent, allowing PNA-Os,bipy analysis directly in the reaction mixture. At the hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE) the PNA-Os,bipy yields a catalytic peak Cat(p) in addition to the redox couples. Using Cat(p) it is possible to detect purified PNA-Os,bipy down to 1 pM concentration at accumulation time 60 s. To our knowledge this is the highest sensitivity of the electrochemical detection of PNA. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.