Anthraquinone as a Redox Label for DNA: Synthesis, Enzymatic Incorporation, and Electrochemistry of Anthraquinone-Modified Nucleosides, Nucleotides, and DNA

Časopis: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL 17, 14063-14073
Autoři: Balintova, J., Pohl, R., Horakova, P., Vidlakova, P., Havran, L., Fojta, M., Hocek, M.
Rok: 2011


Modified 2'-deoxynucleosides and deoxynucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) bearing anthraquinone (AQ) attached through an acetylene or propargylcarbamoyl linker at the 5-position of pyrimidine (C) or at the 7-position of 7-deazaadenine were prepared by Sonogashira cross-coupling of halogenated dNTPs with 2-ethynylanthraquinone or 2-(2-propynylcarbamoyl)anthraquinone. Polymerase incorporations of the AQ-labeled dNTPs into DNA by primer extension with KOD XL polymerase have been successfully developed. The electrochemical properties of the AQ-labeled nucleosides, nucleotides, and DNA were studied by cyclic and square-wave voltammetry, which show a distinct reversible couple of peaks around -0.4 V that make the AQ a suitable redox label for DNA.