Interaction of DNA with echinomycin at the mercury electrode surface as detected by impedance and chronopotentiometric measurements
The capacitance measurement (dependence of the differential capacitance C of the electrode double layer on potential E, C-E curves), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (frequency response of the impedance Z of the electrode double layer-EIS) and constant current chronopotentiometry (dependence of dt/dE on potential at constant current, chronopotentiometric stripping analysis-CPSA) have been used for electrochemical study of echinomycin and its interaction with single-stranded (ss) and double-stranded (ds) DNA at the hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE). The capacitance measurement showed that echinomycin gives a pseudocapacitance redox peak strongly dependent on the a.c. voltage frequency at the potential of -0.53 V. This peak is observed with dsDNA-echinomycin complex as well, but not with ssDNA treated by echinomycin. Similar results were obtained using CPSA measurements. Thus capacitance measurements and CPSA can distinguish with the aid of the bis-intercalator echinomycin the single-stranded and double helical form of DNA adsorbed at the mercury electrode surface. Impedance measurement in connection with adsorptive transfer technique can find the differences between ssDNA and dsDNA, which promise to use this technique for detection of dsDNA in hybridisation reactions. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.