DNA replication & genome stability

 

Our lab is deeply interested in exploring the fundamental molecular mechanisms that ensure flawless DNA replication and maintain genome stability over multiple generations of dividing cells.

 

RESEARCH INTEREST:

The development of the human body begins with a single cell, a fertilized egg, which divides about ten trillion times to form an adult. During each cell division, the entire genome is duplicated with ultra-high accuracy and subsequently inherited by two daughter cells. Understanding how DNA replication is regulated in dividing cells remains one of the most fundamental questions in biomedicine, as a large number of cancer diseases are caused by the accumulation of errors during genome duplication.

Eukaryotic DNA replication is driven by a powerful molecular engine, the replisome, that requires tight coordination of multiple components for its assembly, activation, and function as replication fork. Pre-replicative complexes (pre-RCs) are the essential precursors for DNA replication and their precise levels and timely activation lay the foundation for error-free DNA replication. In fact, misregulation of pre-RCs leads to genome instability associated with a range of serious diseases, including developmental disorders (e.g. Meier-Gorlin syndrome) and variety of premalignant dysplasias and cancers. On the other hand, programmed gemone instability is an important part of normal mammalian development, especially in some specialized tissues.

In our newly established lab, we focus on understand how DNA replication is regulated in mammalian cells to achieve high fidelity of copying genomes and faithful inheritance of genetic information from parental generation to its progeny. By combining physiologically relevant cellular models (mouse and human embryonic stem cells) with state-of-the-art CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing, quantitative cell biology, genomics, and proteomics approaches, we study the signaling pathways of accurate pre-RC formation and their role(s) in cell fate decisions during normal mammalian development and oncogene-induced malignant transformation. Our findings will lay the foundations for the development of new anticancer drug targets and thereby expand therapeutic strategies for treatment of cancer associated with misregulated pre-RC levels and poor prognosis.

 

CURRENT RESEARCH DIRECTIONS:  

  • Molecular mechanism(s) maintaining optimal thresholding of replication origins and its links to oncogenic transformation
  • Biochemical properties of parental and nascent DNA replication origins
  • Role of sub- and supra-optimal replication licensing in development of specialized tissues
  • Protein atlas of human DNA replication

 

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS: 

  • Sedlackova H, Rask MB, Gupta R, Choudhary C, Somyajit K, Lukas J. (2020) Equilibrium between nascent and parental MCM proteins protects replicating genomes. Nature 587: 297-302
  • Somyajit K, Gupta R, Sedlackova H, Neelsen KJ, Ochs F, Rask MB, Choudhary C, Lukas J. (2017) Redox-sensitive alteration of replisome architecture safeguards genome integrity. Science 358: 797-802
  • Spies J, Polasek-Sedlackova H, Lukas J, Somyajit K. (2021) Homologous Recombination as a Fundamental Genome Surveillance Mechanism during DNA Replication. Genes 12(12):1960 (review)

 

GROUP MEMBERS:

Dr. Hana Polasek-Sedlackova

Group leader

polasek-sedlackova@ibp.cz

 

Dr. Jana Krejci

Postdoc

krejci@ibp.cz

Regulation of DNA replication in tissue development

COLLABORATIONS:

Prof. David Gilbert (San Diego Biomedical Research Institute, USA)
Prof. Jiri Lukas (NNF Center for Protein Research, Denmark)
Prof. Claudia Lukas (NNF Center for Protein Research, Denmark)
Prof. Chuna Choudhary (NNF Center for Protein Research, Denmark)
Prof. Niels Mailand (NNF Center for Protein Research, Denmark)
Dr. Thomas Miller (University of Copenhagen, Denmark)
Dr. Kumar Somyajit (University of Southern Denmark, Denmark)
Dr. Eva Bartova (Institute of Biophysics, Czech Acad Sci, Czech Republic)
Dr. Karel Soucek (Institute of Biophysics, Czech Acad Sci, Czech Republic)
Dr. Lumir Krejci (Masaryk University, Czech Republic)

 

 

 

FUNDING:

 

JOIN US:

We always welcome applications from motivated researchers and students at all levels.  If interested, please, contact us at polasek-sedlackova@ibp.cz.