Walking of antitumor bifunctional trinuclear Pt-II complex on double-helical DNA

Časopis: NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH 39, 720-728
Autoři: Malina, J., Kasparkova, J., Farrell, NP., Brabec, V.
Rok: 2011


The trinuclear BBR3464 ([{trans-PtCl(NH3)(2)}(2)mu-(trans-Pt(NH3)(2)(H2N(CH2)(6)NH2)(2))](4+)) belongs to the polynuclear class of platinum-based anticancer agents. DNA adducts of this complex differ significantly in structure and type from those of clinically used mononuclear platinum complexes, especially, long-range (Pt, Pt) intrastrand and interstrand cross-links are formed in both 5'-5' and 3'-3' orientations. We show employing short oligonucleotide duplexes containing single, site-specific cross-links of BBR3464 and gel electrophoresis that in contrast to major DNA adducts of clinically used platinum complexes, under physiological conditions the coordination bonds between platinum and N7 of G residues involved in the cross-links of BBR3464 can be cleaved. This cleavage may lead to the linkage isomerization reactions between this metallodrug and double-helical DNA. Differential scanning calorimetry of duplexes containing single, site-specific cross-links of BBR3464 reveals that one of the driving forces that leads to the lability of DNA cross-links of this metallodrug is a difference between the thermodynamic destabilization induced by the cross-link and by the adduct into which it could isomerize. The rearrangements may proceed in the way that cross-links originally formed in one strand of DNA can spontaneously translocate from one DNA strand to its complementary counterpart, which may evoke walking of the platinum complex on DNA molecule.