Raman spectroscopy of DNA modified by intrastrand cross-links of antitumor cisplatin
Raman spectroscopy was employed to characterize the perturbations to DNA conformation induced in DNA by two different intrastrand adducts of antitumor cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin), namely by its 1,2-GG or 1,3-GTG intrastrand cross-links. We examined short deoxyribooligonucleotide duplexes containing single, site-specific cross-link by Raman spectroscopy and assigned the spectral alterations to conformational changes induced in DNA by 1,2-GG or 1,3-GTG intrastrand CLs determined earlier by other biochemical and biophysical methods. The results confirmed significant perturbations to the B-form DNA backbone due to the intrastrand lesions and that several nucleotides changed their conformation from C2'-endo to CY-endo. Evidence for a partial transition from 13- to A-form was found in several regions of the Raman spectra as well. The spectra also confirmed the different and more extensive distortion induced in B-DNA by 1,3-GTG in comparison with 1,2-GG intrastrand CLs, consistent with their already known high resolution structures. The results of the present work demonstrate that Raman spectroscopy represents a suitable tool to provide insights into structural factors involved in the mechanisms underlying antitumor effects of platinum drugs. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.