1,2-GG intrastrand cross-link of antitumor dinuclear bifunctional platinum compound with spermidine linker inhibits DNA polymerization more effectively than the cross-link of conventional cisplatin

Autoři: Moriarity, B., Novakova, O., Farrell, N., Brabec, V., Kasparkova, J.
Rok: 2007


In order to learn more about the molecular basis for the inhibition of DNA replication produced by antitumor platinum drugs, we investigated DNA polymerization using DNA templates site-specifically modified with the 1,2-GG intrastrand cross-link of dinuclear bifunctional [f trans-PtCl(NH3)(2)](2){1-spermidine-N1, N8}](3+) (BBR3571) or conventional mononuclear cisplatin. These cross-links which have the same nature, but differ in the size and character of the conformational alteration induced in double-helical DNA, were analyzed for bypass ability with reverse transcriptase of human immunodeficiency virus type I and Klenow fragment of DNA polymerase I deficient in exonuclease activity. We found that the 1,2-GG intrastrand CL of BBR3571 inhibited DNA translesion synthesis markedly more than the same adduct of cisplatin. This result was explained by a larger size of the cross-link of BBR3571 and by a flexibility induced in DNA by this cross-link which can make the productive binding of this adduct at the polymerase site more difficult. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.