A [Pt(cis-1,3-diaminocycloalkane)Cl2] analog exhibits hallmarks typical of immunogenic cell death inducers in model cancer cells.

Journal: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Authors: Novohradsky V., Markova L., Kostrhunova H., Kasparkova J., Hoeschele J., Brabec V.
Year: 2022


The platinum drugs belong to prevailing chemotherapeutics used in the treatment of cancer. At present, however, the search for new anticancer metal-based drugs that operate by the mechanisms distinct from those of the conventional chemotherapeutics is very active. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that cytotoxic chemotherapy and immunotherapy may exert a highly synergistic anticancer activity. Thus, the development of antitumor platinum and other metal-based drugs that exhibit cytostatic effects and concurrently elicit immunogenic cell death (ICD) has shown promise for cancer treatment. Notably, conventional platinum drug oxaliplatin ([Pt(1R,2R-DACH)(oxalate)], DACH = diaminocyclohexane) is a well-known agent that displays both cytostatic and immune responses. Moreover, it was also demonstrated that even minor derivatization of the unleaving cycloalkyl moiety in oxaliplatin might have a pronounced effect on its immunomodulatory activity. Here, we investigated how replacing the 1R,2R- diaminocyclohexane ring by 1,3-diaminocycloalkane (alkane = butane, pentane, or hexane) affects the ability to evoke secretion of damage-associated molecular patterns characteristic of ICD in model murine colorectal carcinoma cell line CT26. The results indicate that among the investigated [Pt(cis-1,3-diaminocycloalkane)Cl2] complexes, the complex containing the cyclobutyl moiety exhibits the hallmarks typical of ICD inducers. Thus, [Pt(cis-1,3-diaminocyclobutane)Cl2] may expand the spectrum of anticancer chemotherapeutics capable of inducing ICD in cancer cells and might be of interest for further (pre)clinical development.