Retinoic acid enhances differentiation of v-myb-transformed monoblasts induced by okadaic acid
Differentiation of various leukemic cells can be induced by liganded retinoic acid receptors and protein phosphatase inhibitors. In this study, we explored the effects of okadaic acid (OA), the phosphatase inhibitor, and retinoic acid (RA) in v-myb-transformed monoblasts BM2. OA induced differentiation of BM2 monoblasts into macrophage-like cells, as documented by analyses of cell morphology, cell cycle, phagocytic activity, non-specific esterase activity, production of reactive oxygen species and expression of vimentin and Mo-1. In contrast to many other leukemic cell lines, BM2 cells do not respond to retinoic acid. However, once exposed to OA and RA simultaneously, BM2 cells differentiate along monocyte/macrophage pathway more efficiently. We conclude that RA enhances differentiation of v-myb-transformed monoblasts induced by protein phosphorylation. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.