Ethanol acts as a potent agent sensitizing colon cancer cells to the TRAIL-induced apoptosis
Identification of mechanisms of modulation of the TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis is important for its potential use in anticancer therapy. Ethanol can induce cell death in vitro and in vivo by different signalling pathways. Its effect in combination with death ligands is unknown. We investigated how ethanol modulates the effects of TRAIL in colon cancer cells. After combined TRAIL and ethanol treatment, a potentiation of caspase-8, -9, -3 activation, a proapoptotic Bid protein cleavage, a decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential, a complete poly(ADP)ribose polymerase cleavage, and disappearance of antiapoptotic Mcl-1 protein were demonstrated. Ethanol acts as a potent agent sensitizing colon cancer cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. (C) 2004 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.