Different modulation of TRAIL-induced apoptosis by inhibition of pro-survival pathways in TRAIL-sensitive and TRAIL-resistant colon cancer cells
Epithelial cells can be manipulated to undergo apoptosis depending on the balance between pro-survival and apoptotic signals. We showed that TRAIL-induced apoptosis may be differentially regulated by inhibitors of MEK ERK (U0126) or PI3K/Akt (LY294002) pathway in TRAIL-sensitive (HT-29) and TRAIL-resistant (SW620) human epithelial colon cancer cells. U0126 or LY294002 significantly enhanced TRAIL-induced apoptosis in HT-29 cells, but not in SW620 cells. We report a different regulation of the level of an anti-apoptotic Mcl-1 protein under MEK/ERK or PI3K/Akt pathway inhibition and suggest the mechanisms involved. A special attention was paid to the role of the ERK1/2, Akt, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta. (c) 2006 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.