Differences in DNA damage and repair produced by systemic, hepatocarcinogenic and sarcomagenic dibenzocarbazole derivatives in a model of rat liver progenitor cells

Publikace: MUTATION RESEARCH-FUNDAMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF MUTAGENESIS 665, 51-60 Autoři: Valovicova, Z., Marvanova, S., Meszarosova, M., Srancikova, A., Trilecova, L., Milcova, A., Libalova, H., Vondracek, J., Machala, M., Topinka, J., Gabelova, A. Rok: 2009


Liver progenitor (oval) cells are a potential target cell population for hepatocarcinogens. Our recent study showed that the liver carcinogens 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole (DBC) and 5,9-dimethyldibenzo[c,g]carbazole (DiMeDBC), but not the sarcomagen N-methyldibenzo[c,g]carbazole (N-MeDBC), induced several cellular events associated with tumor promotion in WB-F344 cells, an in vitro model of liver oval cells [J. Vondracek, L. Svihalkova-Sindlerova, K. Pencikova, P. Krcmar, Z. Andrysik, K. Chramostova, S. Marvanova, Z. Valovicova, A. Kozubik, A. Gabelova, M. Machala, 7H-Dibenzo[c,g]carbazole and 5,9-dimethyldibenzo[c,g]carbazole exert multiple toxic events contributing to tumor promotion in rat liver epithelial 'stem-like' cells, Mutat. Res. Fundam. Mol. Mech. Mutagen. 596 (2006) 43-56]. In this study, we focused on the genotoxic effects generated by these dibenzocarbazoles in WB-F344 cells to better understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. Lower IC50 values determined for DBC and DiMeDBC, as compared with N-MeDBC, indicated a higher sensitivity of WB-F344 cells towards hepatocarcinogens. Accordingly, DBC produced a dose-dependent DNA-adduct formation resulting in substantial inhibition of DNA replication and transcription. In contrast, DNA-adduct number detected in DiMeDBC-exposed cells was almost negligible, whereas N-MeDBC produced a low level of DNA adducts. Although all dibenzocarbazoles significantly increased the level of strand breaks (p<0.05) and micronuclei (p<0.001) after 2-h treatment, differences in the kinetics of strand break rejoining were found. The strand break level in DiMeDBC- and N-MeDBC-exposed cells returned to near the background level within 24 h after treatment, whereas a relatively high DNA damage level was detected in DBC-treated cells up to 48 h after exposure. Additional breaks detected after incubation of DiMeDBC-exposed WB-F344 cells with a repair-specific endonuclease, along with a nearly 3-fold higher level of reactive oxygen species found in these cells as compared with control, suggest a possible role of oxidative stress in DiMeDBC genotoxicity. We demonstrated qualitative differences in the DNA damage profiles produced by hepatocarcinogens DBC and DiMeDBC in WB-F344 cells. Different lesions may trigger distinct cellular pathways involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. The low amount of DNA damage, together with an efficient repair, may explain the lack of hepatocarcinogenicity of N-MeDBC. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.