Recognition of cisplatin-damaged DNA by p53 protein: Critical role of the p53 C-terminal domain
It was shown previously that the p53 protein can recognize DNA modified with antitumor agent cisplatin (cisPt-DNA). Here, we studied p53 binding to the cisPt-DNA using p53 deletion mutants and via modulation of the p53-DNA binding by changes of the protein redox state. Isolated p53 C-terminal domain (CTD) bound to the cisPt-DNA with a significantly higher affinity than to the unmodified DNA. On the other hand, p53 constructs involving the core domain but lacking the C-terminal DNA binding site (CTDBS) exhibited only small binding preference for the cisPt-DNA. Oxidation of cysteine residues within the CD of posttranslationally unmodified full length p53 did not affect its ability to recognize cisPt-DNA. Blocking of the p53 CTDBS by a monoclonal antibody Bp53-10.1 resulted in abolishment of the isolated CTD binding to the cisPt-DNA. Our results demonstrate a crucial role of the basic region of the p53 CTD (aa 363-382) in the cisPt-DNA recognition. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.