Structural and dynamic effects of single 7-hydro-8-oxoguanine bases located in a frameshift target DNA sequence
DNA 7-hydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is implicated in frameshift formation in an G(6) sequence of the HPRT gene in mismatch repair (MMR) defective cells. Using oligonucleotides based on this frameshift hotspot, we investigated how a single 8-oxoG modified the structural and dynamic properties of the G(6) tract. A 30 ns molecular dynamics (MD) simulation indicated compression of the minor groove in the immediate vicinity of the lesion. Fluorescence polarization anisotropy (FPA) and MD demonstrated that 8-oxoG increases DNA torsional rigidity and also constrains the movement of the single-stranded region at the single/double stranded DNA junction of model DNA replication template/primer. These constraints influenced the efficiency of primer extension by Klenow (exo(-)) DNA polymerase. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.