Effect of stobadine on opsonized zymosan stimulated generation of reactive oxygen species in human blood cells
To predict more precisely the effect of stobadine, a pyridoindole antioxidant agent, in the whole organism, we studied its effect on opsonized zymosan-stimulated free radical generation in whole blood, on superoxide generation in the mixture of PMNL : platelets (1:50), as well as on superoxide generation and myeloperoxidase release in isolated PMNL. Without stimulation, stobadine had no effect on reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and myeloperoxidase release. Stobadine in a concentration of 10 or 100 mumol/l significantly decreased luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence in opsonized zymosan-stimulated whole blood. In concentrations of 10 and 100 mumol/l, it reduced myeloperoxidase release from isolated neutrophils. Stobadine significantly decreased superoxide generation in isolated neutrophils in 100 mumol/l concentration. Its effect was much less pronounced in the mixture of neutrophils and platelets in the ratio close to physiological conditions (1:50). Our results suggest that stobadine might exert a beneficial effect in diseases or states where superfluous ROS generation could be deleterious.