Inhibition of Cyclooxygenase 2 in Mice Increases Production of G-CSF and Induces Radioprotection

Časopis: RADIATION RESEARCH 170, 566-571
Autoři: Hofer, M., Pospisil, M., Hola, J., Vacek, A., Streitova, D., Znojil, V.
Rok: 2008

Abstrakt

Meloxicam, a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase 2, was tested to determine its ability to modulate hematopoiesis and to influence survival of mid-lethally gamma-irradiated mice. A single dose of meloxicam (20 mg/kg) administered to mice intraperitoneally 1 h before irradiation was shown to enhance serum levels of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) during the first 24 h after irradiation, to elevate numbers of granulocytic precursor cells in bone marrow and granulocyte counts in peripheral blood on day 10 after irradiation, and to increase 30-day survival of these mice. The results provide new evidence for the protective ability of meloxicam administration to mice irradiated with mid-lethal doses and contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms of this meloxicam action by drawing attention to the possible role of increased endogenous G-CSF production. (c) 2008 by Radiation Research Society