Detachment-mediated resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis is associated with stimulation of the PI3K/Akt pathway in fetal and adenocarcinoma epithelial colon cells
The resistance of transformed epithelial cells to a detachment-induced apoptosis (anoikis) can significantly affect their susceptibility to anticancer therapy. We showed that detachment of both fetal (FHC) and adenocarcinoma (HT-29) human colon epithelial cells resulted in the activation of the pro-survival Akt pathway, and significant changes in integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and focal adhesive kinase (FAR) phosphorylation. We demonstrated a detachment-induced and PI3K/Akt-mediated resistance to apoptotic effects of TRAIL, which was not associated with any changes in the cell surface TRAIL death receptor levels. Instead, a modulation of downstream intracellular signaling events was suggested to be involved. Our results may have important implications for optimization of new strategies in treatment of cancers at different stages of development. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.