Irradiated stem cells and ageing of the haematopoietic system
In the work presented here, changes in haematopoiesis of mice (B6129SF2/J) were studied 1 year after their whole-body exposure to a dose of 7 Gy (72% of mice survived). The irradiated mice were compared with non-irradiated younger (4 months of age) and older (16 months of age) mice. There was a significant increase in the relative abundance of primitive stem cells with long-term capability of the haematopoiesis recovery lin(-)/Sca-1(+)/CD117(+)/CD34(-) in the bone marrow of mice aged 16 months (irradiated and non-irradiated) compared with those aged 4 months. In terms of the ability to respond to further whole-body irradiation at a dose of 1 Gy, the presence of gamma H2A.X foci was studied in lin(-) bone marrow cells. There was a considerable number of persisting foci in lin(-) stem cells isolated from the bone marrow of the older irradiated mice. In the blood count from the peripheral blood of the older mice (both non-irradiated and irradiated at 7 Gy), there was a significant increase in granulocytes. In the group exposed to 7 Gy, the numbers of thrombocytes significantly increased, and on the contrary, the numbers of erythrocytes, the amount of haemoglobin, and haematocrit significantly decreased.