Epigenetics of multiple myeloma after treatment with cytostatics and gamma radiation

Publikace: LEUKEMIA RESEARCH 33, 1490-1498 Autoři: Krejci, J., Harnicarova, A., Streitova, D., Hajek, R., Pour, L., Kozubek, S., Bartova, E. Rok: 2009

Abstrakt

Genetic and epigenetic changes in multiple myeloma (MM) correlate with the stage of the disease. Therefore, we investigated how cytostatics and gamma radiation influence MM-associated histone modifications. ChIP-PCR and ChIP-on-chip technologies were used to quantify H3K9 acetylation and H3K9 dimethylation at select loci in MM patients, lymphoblastoid ARH-77, and myeloma MOLP-8 cells. Genome-wide analysis revealed that the cytostatic, melphalan, increased H3K9 acetylation at multiple gene promoters in ARH-77 cells. Melphalan and gamma radiation also influenced histone modification of prognostically important c-myc and CCND1 genes in ARH-77 and MOLP-8 cells. Moreover, H3K9 acetylation at c-myc and CCND1 promoters was increased in individual MM patients after melphalan treatment. Western blotting revealed that these effects were accompanied by changes in c-MYC and cyclin D1 protein levels. Taken together, we showed that cytostatics significantly alter histone modification of tumor-related genes which is indispensable for understanding cancer therapies. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.