Deoxyribonuclease I footprinting reveals different DNA binding modes of bifunctional platinum complexes

Publikace: FEBS JOURNAL 273, 3467-3478 Autoři: Chvalova, K., Kasparkova, J., Farrell, N., Brabec, V. Rok: 2006

Abstrakt

Deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) footprinting methodology was used to analyze oligodeoxyribonucleotide duplexes containing unique and single, site-specific adducts of trinuclear bifunctional platinum compound, [{trans-PtCl(NH3)(2)}(2)mu-trans-Pt(NH3)(2){H2N(CH2)(6)NH2}(2)](4+) (BBR3464) and the results were compared with DNase I footprints of some adducts of conventional mononuclear cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cisplatin). These examinations took into account the fact that the local conformation of the DNA at the sites of the contacts of DNase I with DNA phosphates, such as the minor groove width and depth, sequence-dependent flexibility and bendability of the double helix, are important determinants of sequence-dependent binding to and cutting of DNA by DNase I. It was shown that various conformational perturbations induced by platinum binding in the major groove translated into the minor groove, allowing their detection by DNase I probing. The results also demonstrate the very high sensitivity of DNase I to DNA conformational alterations induced by platinum complexes so that the platinum adducts which induce specific local conformational alterations in DNA are differently recognized by DNase I.